Copper | Lithium | Nickel

for Electric Vehicle Batteries and Infrastructure

Copper

Copper for a Clean Future

 Many of the EV battery makers have increased the proportion of nickel in the battery to more than 80 per cent of the cathode — one of the main components.

The reason for this is the increased nickel helps increase mileage and has the added benefit of using less cobalt — which costs twice as much as nickel — lowering production costs.

What is a cathode?

It’s an electrode through which electrons flows out of the device is termed a cathode because it is negatively charged. A cathode is a negative electrode on a battery and a negative electrode on an electrolytic cell.

Lithium a Big Catalyst Behind the EV Revolution

What is lithium and why do we care about it? There’s no doubt, battery makers love lithium for many reasons. One, it’s very reactive. This means that it will lose an electron easily making it effortless to take around your circuit. Even better it doesn’t add very much to the weight of a battery. This means it’s not weighing down EVs causing a lot of unwanted drag.

Lithium is what carries the charge across the battery. It’s got a negative voltage, so when we partner it with something with a more positive voltage, it creates a good voltage window for our electrochemical cell.

Lithium Demand

Lithium-Copper Batteries Function

Nickel Makes Up As Much As 80% of EV Batteries

It’s no secret that copper is a backbone metal of our modern society, some view it as an indicator of economic health, and now it’s the catalyst for the EV revolution. 

Copper’s high electrical conductivity, durability and malleability make copper the perfect metal not only for electric vehicles but EV charging stations and the entire electrical grid.

While the charger itself does not have much copper in it, the wires used to connect the charger to the electrical panel as well as the charging cable itself are the main sources of copper.  Wood Mackenzie estimates by 2030, there will be over 20 million EV charging points globally, consuming 250% more copper than in 2019.

Electric Vehicle Metals and Growth

Our world is on the brink of a gigantic transformation – the end of the internal combustion engine and the coming of the EVs.

Although, electric vehicles make up just 3-5% of the market, that’s all about to change. Several countries have moved to ban petrol and diesel-powered vehicles in the coming years. While others are introducing strict new emissions regulations. 

 This has left vehicle manufacturers with little choice but to shift focus towards low or zero-emissions vehicles. What may have seemed like a pipedream just a year or so ago, is soon to be our reality. 

In fact, the world’s #1 car maker Volkswagen has committed to go ALL electric by 2035. 

EV Demand

Source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Annual-global-EV-sales-forecast-across-different-Nations_fig1_333038225

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